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retinalRetinal detachment

When the retina separates from the back of the eye, this is known as retinal detachment. It is a medical emergency that can cause partial or total vision loss.

 

keraKeratoconus

Keratoconus are tiny fibers of protein in the eye called collagen help hold the cornea in place and keep it from bulging. When these fibers become weak, they cannot hold the shape and the cornea becomes progressively more cone shaped. Keratoconus appears to run in families. If you have it and have children, it’s a good idea to have their eyes checked for it starting at age 10. The condition happens more often in people with certain medical problems, including certain allergic conditions. It’s possible the condition could be related to chronic eye rubbing. Most often, though, there is no eye injury or disease that can explain why the eye starts to change.

 

ezgif.com-resize2Dry eyes

When the eyes do not produce enough tears, or produce tears that can’t effectively keep your eyes moist this results in dry eyes. Tears are needed to help keep enough moisture in your eyes. They keep the eye surface smooth, wash away foreign materials, and also help to protect the eyes from infection. This can be caused by environmental factors, dry eye syndrome, medications, and/or other causes as well.
Dry eyes may sting or burn and can be very uncomfortable. You may experience dry eyes all the time or only during certain situations. For instance, you may have dry eyes after staring at a computer for a long time, or when it is windy outside. Both eyes are usually affected at the same time. Eye dryness can affect everyone at one point or another in his or her lifetime. It is rarely serious and can usually be treated with simple, over-the-counter solutions.

 

cataracCataract

Cataracts are dense cloudy areas that slowly form in the lens of the eye. They are common in older people, but can also be present at birth or caused by medications, disease, trauma, or radiation. Cataracts start small and may have little effect on your vision. Things might seem a little blurry, a bit like looking at an impressionist painting. This effect will likely increase over time. As cataracts become more advanced, they can begin to become darker, with a yellow or brown tinge.  Cataracts can cause significant changes in vision.

Light sensitivity is a common symptom of cataract. The glare of bright lights can be painful for many people with cataracts, especially those with posterior subcapsular cataracts. The clouding of the lens can result in diffraction of light entering the eye. This can cause “halo” to appear around light sources. Rings around every light, sometimes in a variety of colors, can make driving very difficult. This is another reason why driving at night, when there are streetlights and headlights on everywhere, can be dangerous if you have cataracts. Cataracts can cause significant changes in vision. Cataracts occur not just in older adults, but in younger people too. Injury, certain medications, and genetic conditions can result in cataracts, even in the very young.

It should be noted that not all vision changes are the result of cataract. Several of the above symptoms can be signs of very serious and life-threatening conditions. See an eye doctor to discuss your vision changes and any other symptoms you may be experiencing.

 

floatEye floaters

Specks and strings may appear in your field of vision. These are called eye floaters, and are most commonly caused by age-related changes to the eye. Eye floaters are tiny specks or strings that float into your field of vision. While they may be a nuisance, eye floaters should not cause you any pain or discomfort.

 

lazyAmblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Lazy eye, or amblyopia, is the loss or lack of development of central vision in one eye that is unrelated to any eye health problem and is not correctable with lenses. It can result from a failure to use both eyes together. Lazy eye is often associated with crossed-eyes or a large difference in the degree of nearsightedness or farsightedness between the two eyes. It usually develops before age six and it does not affect side vision.

 

strabStrabismus

Strabismus, or “crossed eyes,” causes the eyes to not line up in the same direction. It tends to develop in children who are very young, and is often treatable.

 

bumpBump on eyelid (Stye)

A red, painful bump or inflamed area on the eyelid is called a stye or hordeolum. It’s typically caused by bacterial infection of the sebaceous glands at the base of the eyelashes. Eyelid bumps appear as painful, red lumps at the edge of the eyelid, typically where the lash meets the lid. Most bumps are caused by bacteria or a blockage in the oil glands of the eyelid. Eyelid bumps are often harmless and don’t always require medical treatment. They often go away on their own or with basic home care. However, if eyelid bumps become increasingly painful, do not respond to home treatments, or begin to interfere with your vision, you may want to talk to your doctor about ways to manage your symptoms. There are different types of common eyelid bumps. The type and underlying cause of your eyelid bumps will determine the best course of treatment.

 

blindBlindness

Blindness is the inability to see anything, including light. It can be partial or complete, and can be caused by a number of different diseases, or be present at birth.

 

coloarColor blindness

Color blindness is an inherited or acquired condition in which the patient has difficulty telling apart certain colors or cannot see any colors at all. It is more common in men than in women.

 

ulcerCorneal ulcer

A corneal ulcer is an open sore that forms on the cornea, the clear layer on front of the eye. It is usually caused by infections but can also results from small eye injuries.

 

migrainesOcular migraines

An ocular migraine, or migraine with aura, is a migraine that is accompanied by a visual disturbance.

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